Wednesday, April 25, 2007

Bioblitz 2007--Indian Hill Flora

Description of Indian Hill

Imagine a medicine wheel (a circle with four spokes, oriented NSEW). The north half contains mostly fir and a few maple, with sword fern and snowberry. The south half contains mostly oak, with about 20% large firs, a handful of young firs, and about 20% mature maple. Herbaceous plants cover most of the circle, with wet-loving plants in the NE quarter. The SE quarter has a steep rocky bluff, with (cool!) moss and lichen covered rock faces. Shrubs grow in the more shady and wind-protected areas. Thickets line the E edge of the circle.
I would guess none of the firs are more than 75 years old. When we logged a little, we counted rings, and none were over 75 years—even a fir with a 4 foot diameter(it had some rings that were 1”!). There were also scrawny firs the same age with a 6” diameter. I counted rings on two oaks we cut last summer, each about 24” in diameter, one was about 145 years old, and one was 168 years old). The biggest oak is about 3.5’ in diameter.
Rainfall averages per year: Portland, OR 37”, Coast Range 80”, Indian Hill(2004) 77”. Prevailing wind SSW. It averages about 36” of cumulative snow per year.
Eye candy comes first...
Chocolate Lily

Sessile Trillium


Slender Toothwort

Star Flowered Solomon's Seal

Striped Coralroot

Oregon Iris (a very pale version)


Broad Leaved Shooting Star

KEY
S=dry savannah
C=conifer moist forest
W=wet forest (streambanks, springs, deciduous)
L=low elevation
M=middle elevation
R=rocky
E=edge(between forest and field)
O=open forest(with mostly mature trees)
F=currently flowering 4/07
*=resident but not up or seen or arrived yet
TREES
Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii)S, C, L to montane
Grand Fir (Abies grandis)dry C
Western Redcedar (Thuja plicata)C, W, L, M, shady
Bigleaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum)S, W, L, M
Garry Oak (Quercus garryana)S, L, R
Oregon Ash (Fraxinus latifolia)W, L

SHRUBS
Snowberry (Symphoricarpos albus)C, S, L, M, O
Oceanspray (Holodiscus discolor)C, S, L, M, O
Saskatoon (Amelanchier alnofolia)C, S, L, M, O, F
Indian Plum (Oemleria cerasiformis)C, S, L, O
Pacific Ninebark (Physocarpus capitatus)C, L, M, O
Nootka Rose(Rosa nutkana)C, S, W, L, M, O
Thimbleberry(Rubus parviflorus) C, W, L to subalpine, O
Black Raspberry(Rubus leucodermis) C, L, M, O
Trailing Blackberry (Rubus ursinus)C, S, L, M, O
Himalayan Blackberry (Rubus discolor)
Cascara (Rhammus purshiana) C, W, L, M, E, shady
Beaked Hazelnut (Corylus cornuta) C, S, L, M, O, shady
Poison Oak (Toxicohdendron diversilobum)S, L, R
Pacific Ninebark (Physocarpus capitatus) W, O, L, M
Ocean Spray (Holodiscus discolor) W, O, E, L, M

LILY(Liliaceae)
Star-Flowered False Solomon’s Seal (Smilacina stellata) C, W, L to timberline, shady, F
Hooker’s Fairybells (Disporum hookeri) C, W, L
White Fawn Lily (Erythronium oregonum) S, L, O, R, F
Sessile Trillium (Trillium chloropetalum)C, W, O, F
Chocolate Lily (Fritillaria affinis) S, C-E, M, F

IRIS(Iridaceae)
Oregon Iris (Iris tenax) S, L, M, O, F

ORCHID(Orchidaceae)
Fairy Slipper (Calypso bulbosa)C, L, M, shady, F
Striped Coralroot (Corallorhiza striata)C, W, L, M, shady, F

PURSLANE(Portulacaceae)
Siberian Miner’s Lettuce (Claytonia sibirica) C, W, L, M, shady, F
Miner’s Lettuce (Claytonia perfoliata) S, L, M, F

PINK(Caryophyllaceae)
Big-Leaved Sandwort(Moehringa macrophylla)C, S, L, M, R, F

MUSTARD(Brassicaceae)
Slender Toothwort (Cardamine pulcherrima) C, W, L, F

SAXIFRAGE(Saxifragaceae)
Fringecup (Tellima grandiflora) C, W, L, M, E, F
Foamflower (Tiarella trifoliata) C, W, L to subalpine, shady, E

BUTTERCUP(Ranunculaceae)
Red Columbine (Aquilega Formosa) C, W, L to subalpine, R, E, shady

ROSE(Rosaceae)
Goat’s Beard (Aruncus diocus) C, W, L, M, E
Woodland Strawberry (Fragaria vesca) C, L to subalpine, E, O, F
Large Leaved Avens (Geum macroplyllum) C, S, L, M, O
Silverweed (Potentilla pacifica) W, L, M

PEA(Fabaceae)
Tufted Vetch(Vicia cracca) C, S, L, M, E

EVENING PRIMROSE(Onagraceae)
Enchanter’s Nightshade (Circaea alpina) C, W, L, M

CARROT(Apiaceae)
Cow-Parsnip (Heracleum lanatum)W, L to subalpine, E
Pacific Sanicle (Saniclua crassicaulis)C, S, L, E
Mountain Sweet Cicely (Osmorhiza chilensis)C, W, L, M, E
Parsley-Leaved Lovage (Ligustichum apiifolium) S, C, L

WATERLEAF(Hydrophyllaceae)
Pacific Waterleaf (Hydrophyllum tenuipes)C, L, M

MINT(Lamiaceae)
Creeping Charlie (Glecoma hederacea) W, C, O, E, L
Self-Heal (Prunella vulgaris) C, O, L, M

ASTER(Asteraceae)
Nipplewort (Lapsana communis) C, S, L, M, E
Oxeye Daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare) S, L
Canada Thistle Cirsium arvense) O, fields
Burdock(Arctium minus)O, fields
Dandelion (taraxacum officinale) O, fields

OTHER
Oak Mistletoe(Phoradendron flavescens) S, L
Robert Geranium (Geranium robertianum) C, S, L, O
Dovefoot Geranium (Geranium molle) S, L, F
Broad Leaved Starflower (Trientalis latifolia) C, L, M, O
Manroot (Marah oreganus) W, L, O, F
Cleavers (Galium aparine) W, L, M, E, O
Duckfoot/Inside-out Flower (Vancouveria hexandra) W, C, shady, L, M
Broad-Leaved Shooting Star (Dodecatheon hendersonii) S, O, F
Vari-Leaved Collomia (Collomia heterophylla)

SAPROPHYTES
*Indian Pipe (Monotropa uniflora) C(mature), L(blooms in July, 3 patches)
SEDGE
Green Sedge (Carex viridula)
Creeping Spike-Rush (Eleocharis palustris)
GRASS
Pacific Brome (Bromus pacificus)
INTRODUCED HERBS
Lemon Balm
Burdock
Sweet Woodruff
Queen Anne's Lace
Next up: Ferns, Mosses, Liverworts and Fungus
And after that: fauna(mammals, bugs, birds)

6 comments:

burning silo said...

That's a heckuva fine plant list, Celeste!

cyndy said...

Terrific information! Thank you for putting it up there.

I noticed the Claytonia, and wondered if you have ever eaten it? I have seen seed for sale and often considered trying it as a year round addition to salads...

Neil said...

Wow. I can't wait for the Fauna post, that little crab spider is quite the tease.

wyldthang said...

Hi! Thanks for stopping by!!

Cyndy, yes I have made a nice T-ML-O sandwich(tomato-miner's lettuce/clayonia-onion), guess what, miner's lettuce tastes like...lettuce!! My field guide says it saved many a pioneer, native american, and even a few miner's from scurvy, since it's full of vitamin C.

Bpaul said...

Really digging your blog, I haven't dived in deeply yet, but the plant lists and photographs are just great. Keep it up I'm loving it!

Bpaul

diane vivienne said...

Thank you for mentioning clayonia, miners lettuce. I'm holding some clayonia seeds in my hand getting ready to plant the spring lettuces and wondering what this is going to taste like. If it's good on a tomato sandwich, I want it in my little Piedmont NC garden. Thanks again for tasting it for me. Diane Vivienne